Fields for Coffee:
Forest Lands Contestation in Upland Java, 1850s – 2010s.
Abstract: This presentation discusses early form of land grabbing, counter grabbing and counter-counter grabbing in Java from 18820s onward. Speedy encroachment of forest area in upland Central Java commenced in 1820s, as Java War 1825-1830 pushed low lands farmers to seek a refugee from insecurity and famine. In the hill range they cleared forest for semi-irigated paddy fields and for coffee fields which got a strong boost from government’s effort to recuperate from war economic deficit through Cultivation System, 1830-1860. Forest were cleared by thousands hectares until eventually by 1900s almost all were gone and Java was left with sad views of denuded hill range. This contestation of forest lands between the interest of goverment and small holding farmers; between interest to protect environment for general welfare and interest to earn revenue to settle farmers’ day to day economic needs under the context of growing demand of agricultural products in the world market will shed a light on the debate of land grabbing which so far is embedded with ideologized class analysis. Research was conducted in upland district of of Petungkriyono, Central Java, Indonesia. Data were obtained from a long term participant observation, colonial topographical maps, ground check with GPS and Google earth satellite image.Not that I am against ideology, but ideologization of an academic work will potentially subjugate logic to practical interest and obscure relations of facts with philosophical essentialism—if not dogma.
The Position of Chinese in Indonesian National Historiography
Abstract: Chinese sources has long occupied a comparatively large proportion within Indonesia’s historical studies. Although the coming of Javanese envoy to China has already been documented in China as early as 131 AD during the reign of emperor Yongjian of Han Dynasty, it is not until Fa Xian arrived in Java during his way back from India in 414 AD the history of Chinese in Indonesia started in Indonesian historiography. The legacy of Chinese in Indonesian historiography took shape under Dutch East Indian Company and then Netherlands Indies govermen and, as a distinct community, settled in colonial society of eighteenth toward first half of twentieth centuries. They were known for their position as intermediary, the Asian economic elite as well as labour, and to whom colonial regime dependent on as well as suspicious. The emergence of Indonesian nationalistic historiography after declaration of independence in 1945 established itself as another hostile historiographical perspective toward the Chinese in Indonesian historical construction. The perspective brings with it colonial historical view toward the Chinese. The Chinese is other in Indonesian national narrative, in which exclusion discourse is applied in reconstruction Indonesian past. History without Chinese, or Chinese is always an unwanted bad element in Indonesian history. This is one of notions in the failure of Indonesiacentrism historiography since it was declared in 1957.
本次讲座以座谈会为形式，主要参与者：印度尼西亚加查马达大学的普若·瑟牟迪（Pujo Semedi）教授、班邦·普尔万多（Bambang Purwanto）教授和中央民族大学世界民族学人类学研究中心的龚浩群副教授等。