世界民族学人类研究中心

世界民族学人类学系列讲座(第120讲)
编辑:世界民族学人类学研究中心    已读:次    发布日期:2018-12-05

祖先的过去,祖先的未来——比较视野下离散苗族的道德人格研究

主讲人:Jacob Hickman 杨百翰大学副教授

主持人:龚浩群 中央民族大学副教授

时间:2018126日(周四)晚7:00~9:00

地点:北智楼201会议室

主讲人简介:

Jacob Hickman,芝加哥大学人类学博士,现为杨百翰大学人类学系副教授,富布赖特访问学者。他目前的研究涉及泰国,美国和侨民其他地方的苗族社区的比较民族志,致力于人格和自我,道德和道德,健康信仰,仪式实践,社会变革,跨国主义,移民和侨民等问题。

内容简介:

人类学在过去十年中的“道德转向”引发了一系列争论。在民族志的基础上,我将概述一些来自老挝的苗族难民家庭的生活过程中跨越道德和人格的跨国比较民族志的一些关键见解。在迁徙的过程中,苗族适应了他们迁移过的社会中截然不同的社会背景。我通过建立一个道德现实主义框架,从而更好地理解整个苗族侨民的伦理思想和实践是如何变化的,并重申我的观点:道德现实主义对理解人类道德经验的重要性。

The “ethical turn” in anthropology over the last decade has spurred a number of debates. Some of the key frameworks that have emerged—such as the “ordinary ethics” position—took their starting points as arguing for a specifically anthropological response to an effectively deontological view of morality and ethics that pervades other disciplinary debates. In this paper I will argue that, while these critiques have helped advance an anthropology of morality in some respects, one problem is that moral realism seems to have been sacrificed on the altar of critiquing deontology. I will develop an argument that moral realism is fundamental to human nature, and as such must inform any comparative analysis of moral frameworks across societies or communities. As one example that I will briefly develop, ontological frameworks of concepts like personhood ground ethical thinking in important ways, and this relationship between ontology and morality provides a critical, if overlooked, insight into understanding the moral worlds of anthropologists’ interlocutors. In order to ground this argument ethnographically, I will provide an overview of some key insights from a transnationally comparative ethnography of morality and personhood across the life course among Hmong refugee families from Laos, some of whom permanently resettled in Thailand while their relatives ultimately resettled in the United States. I will develop a moral realist framework that I argue helps us better understand how ethical thinking and practice are changing throughout the Hmong diaspora, as Hmong adapt to dramatically different social contexts in the societies where they have migrated. While some theorists in the “ethical turn” debates might argue that these shifting moral outlooks across Hmong communities challenges the very notion of moral realism, I will argue that my comparative analysis of moral thinking and moral practice in these distinct Hmong communities actually reiterates the fundamental importance of moral realism to understanding human moral experience.


友情链接: | 中国文化走出去协同创新中心 | 国际人类学与民族学联合会 | 世界人类学组织联合会 | 中国社科院民族学与人类学研究所 | 中国社会学网 中国民族学人类学研究会

地址:北京市海淀区中关村南大街27号  邮政编码:100081   2013版权所有©中央民族大学世界民族学人类学研究中心