主讲人：Huricihan Islamoglu 教授 土耳其伊斯坦布尔Bogaziçi大学
主持人：赵 萱 博士 中央民族大学世界民族学人类学研究中心
与谈人：李鸿宾 教授 中央民族大学历史文化学院
张海洋 教授 中央民族大学世界民族学人类学研究中心
袁 剑 副教授 中央民族大学世界民族学人类学研究中心
A rethinking of economic history of Islamic lands of Middle Eurasia implies transcending conceptions of grand divergences of the Western and non-Western regions( alternatively enabled or disabled by institutional features or by Western trade) . It implies a perception of modern transformation or modernity - insofar as it exists as a discrete and recognizable entity- as a universal historical process, one with a history not confined to that of the West. It refers to the continuous processes of exploring new institutional configurations to cope with the challenges of commercial expansion and state formation/interstate competition underway throughout Eurasia (and later the Americas and other continents) since the 15th century. The Ottoman Empire which together with China, the Habsburgs in Spain, and others, partook in this world historical context : its survival on the abilities of different actors (including states, merchants, artisans, and cultivators), to generate innovative institutional configurations (including financial instruments, land tenure and taxation systems, weapon technologies, agricultural techniques) resulting in continuous ordering and re- ordering of social realities . In all of these efforts one can trace a shared history of different Imperial regions, responding to the demands of a new world historical context and, in doing so, relating to and linking with each other. Marshal Hodgson had suggested that without the rich cumulative history of institutional innovations in the African-Eurasian Oikoumene including those in the Islamic world, the great Western transmutation in the 18th century would have been 'unthinkable'. For Hodgson , that transmutation represented an acceleration of processes that were underway in such a way as to result in Western world domination. This did not mean other regions stopped being institutionally innovative but they did so at a different pace ; nor did mean that other societies having had their high points or even moments of world domination will not have their moments again.